Diagrams for Bobbin Lace

Many Attractive Examples for GroundForge


Bias Grounds



Traditionally, a bias ground is made as follows: make two stitches diagonally, make a stitch in the middle with these two, make two diagonal, stitch in the middle, etc.
Sometimes, the bias ground is referred to as rose ground, especially the bias crossed rose style and crossed short bias.

Traditional Bias Ground


examples with one middle stitch

0221-N 0228-N 0246-N 0277-Kd 0229-Kd 0245-Ld 0212-K 0214-N

0254-Kd 0265-Nd 0255-Kd 0279-K 0274-Kd 0236-Ld 0268-Ld 0257-Ld 0250-L

examples with two different middle stitches

0223-N 0247-Dd 0224-K 0259-Nd 0233-Nd 0235-Nd 0250-Kd 0204-Kd 0238-R

Bias Ground crossed rose style

This ground is also called rose ground.

See also mrs Whiting’s index: D6 and F4.

Bias Ground crossed alternating

See also mrs Whiting’s index: E6.

Bias Ground with a diagonal in between

Bias Ground crossed and a diagonal in between

Unit bias in a diamond

Bias Ground crossed and in a diamond

Short Bias


short bias foto Take just one unit of the Bias ground and place them all in the same direction, or in alternating directions. The latter may give nice results in two colours. The placing of the units in alternating directions is also shown in mrs Irvine’s paper Developing a Mathematical Model for Bobbin Lace.

same direction alternating


alternating and cross Take one unit of the Bias ground, place them in alternating directions, and cross at the corners.

Double bias

double bias Of course, this pull-back through two can be extended further: pull-back through three, through four, … However, GroundForge does not support working upwards.

Bias with vertical

bias with vertical


The pictures below show three different units. The units are placed like the white tiles on a checker board.
The one on the left is a bias ground, stretched vertically, as found in the Whiting index F4. Experimenting with stitches, I created the units in the middle and the right. The ground in the middle is equivalent to the little snowflake. The one on the right proved to be a real surprise! See the example. These grounds also look nice when made on a hexagonal raster, connecting the units with a short plait.

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